Follow these basic safety rules to secure your safety:
Determine Structural Stability
Cut off power supply
Turn off water supply
Turn off gas supply
Beware of animals
Use protective gear
1. Turn off the power to your home or business by disabling the main circuit breaker panel. Even if the neighborhood power grid is down assume all power lines are active and functioning.
2. Do not use regular household vacuums to remove excess water.
3. Do not use electrical appliances while standing on a wet floor.
WATER DAMAGE PREVENTION
The following are typical signs of water damage in the kitchen:
Leaks under the sink, slow draining pipes, cracked tile or missing grout, soft or stained walls and floors, leaks under and around the base of the dishwasher, and moisture behind the refrigerator.
1. Check the outlet pipe to make sure it is not clogged or frozen. Follow the pipe and confirm that the water is directed away from the property.
2. Check that the pump is clean.
3. Plug in the pump and remove the lid (if there is one). Use a flashlight and look into the pump and see that the inlet pipe is clean and free flowing. Test the pump by pouring at least 5 gallons of water and pumping it out. Be sure to pour the water in a way that will simulate the average flow into the pump. Force the pump to turn on and off 2-3 times and watch the action of the on/off switch while listening to the pump.
1. Moisture behind or under the refrigerator including on the coils in the back of the refrigerator.
2. Leaks from hose connection and seals (commonly found in the icemaker’s water supply line).
3. Growth of mold is a major sign because it indicates an ongoing problem that must be treated immediately.
This problem is usually detected in the drain pan if your refrigerator has one.
RECOVERING FROM WATER DAMAGE
FIRE DAMAGE PREVENTION
Smart Tip: Baking soda can be used to suffocate grease fire.
Safety Tip: Do not try to take a grease fire outdoors. The pan will be too hot to carry.
1. Keep pot handles turned inward, away from the edge of the stove.
2. If possible, don’t wear long sleeves. Long loose sleeves, hanging over the stove while cooking, are likely to catch fire.
3. Be sure to supervise the oven or gas and to turn them off when not needed.
4. Place fabrics such as towels and dish rags away from a gas or electric range.
5. Safely store flammable liquids such as gasoline and cleaning fluids away from any fire or heat sources.
2. Keep you backyard clean from dry leaves and combustible debris.
3. Thin out your trees and keep a 15 feet space between tree crowns.
4. Prevent fire from spreading from the ground to the trees by removing limbs and dead branches from 6 to 10 feet of the ground.
1. Keep heat generating equipment away from combustibles and turn it off while not in use.
2. Follow all electrical safety precautions.
3. Be attentive to any gas leaks. Call the gas company technician to investigate every suspected gas leak.
install smoke detectors.
1. If possible, plant fire resistant plants. Generally, fire resistant plants characteristics include: supple leaves, water-like sap, thicker bark, high moisture content.
2. Plant and maintain your trees. Keep a 15 feet clearance between tree crowns to reduce the chance of fire spreads.
3. Remove limbs and dead branches from 6 to 10 feet of the ground to prevent fire from spreading from the ground to the trees.
RECOVERING FROM FIRE DAMAGE
You can keep refrigerated food if your refrigerator was not damaged in the fire. Your refrigerator will keep cold for 4 hours if it is well sealed. In case that the power was turned off during the fire and the refrigerator was turned off for more than 4 hours, discard the food.
Frozen food can be used if it still has ice crystals on it and if it still feels cold and hard. Whenever in doubt, discard the food.
Keeping the bathroom in good condition by cleaning it frequently and keeping it as dry as possible.